Crops

The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water.

Soils provide a wide variety of ecosystem services, including regulating carbon through sequestration and providing a structure to support crop plants. Erosion of soil, the primary source for soil particles to leave agricultural fields, may increase in certain areas of the U.S. due to climate change. Some areas of the country will experience less rainfall, causing soils to dry out. Combined with higher winds, this may lead to higher rates of wind erosion. Other areas may experience more intensive rainstorms, which can increase erosion rates by washing out stream banks, for example. Other factors affecting soil erosion that may increase or decrease due to climate change include changing irrigation needs, snowmelt patterns, soil erodibility, conservation practices, and topography.

Continue to the full text Croplands in a Changing Climate or browse related content:

The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water. Soils provide a wide variety of ecosystem services, including regulating carbon through...

Croplands in a Changing Climate

A view at the University of Delaware's Warrington Irrigation Research Farm

Smart Phone or Tablet? We suggest jumping over here for an improved virtual experience!   Studies at the Warrington Irrigation Research Farm are aimed at using water to maximize crop yields and improve profits. Water is one of the most critical crop needs. By improving water...

Irrigation Research at UD

Irrigation lines at Intervale Community Farm

An Economic Case Study at Intervale Community Farm After severe drought in much of the Northeast in 2016, the following summer reminded us that the trend in the Northeast is for more rainfall. However, this rain is more often occurring in heavy downpours between periods of hot...

Irrigation Pays in Protecting Crop Revenues

Sustainable Agriculture and Research for Understanding, or SARE, has released the following resource: Cultivating Climate Resilience on Farms and Ranches. This document outlines the new challenges that changing weather patterns pose in agriculture throughout the United States,...

SARE Resource: Cultivating Climate Resilience on Farms and Ranches

While you can't prevent hail, you can prepare for and respond quickly when crops are damaged. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension team is here to help you make informed and timely decisions through their new (launched winter 2018) website Hail Know. This easy to...

Hail Know

An aerial overview of plots participating in USDA-ARS Farming Systems Project in Beltsville, Maryland

Mid-Atlantic corn and soybean yields show great variability in response to precipitation during critical growth stages. Long-term agricultural research provides unique insights into the impact of climate and weather on agricultural sustainability. The USDA-ARS Farming Systems...

USDA ARS Farming Systems Project

Rolled winter cereal cover crops provide weed suppression for organic no-till production systems.

Managing a continuous cover of plants to help improve soil health and prevent erosion. Is your field covered from the impacts? Heavy rains are becoming more frequent across the Northeastern United States and increasing soil erosion and nutrient runoff problems. Wetter weather in...

Cover Cropping to Improve Climate Resilience

agroforestry report cover

Agroforestry, the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal production systems, is being deployed to enhance productivity, profitability, and environmental stewardship of agricultural operations and lands across the United States. This assessment provides...

Agroforestry: Enhancing resiliency in U.S. agricultural landscapes under changing conditions

Cover page to the USDA Urban Agriculture Toolkit

This toolkit lays out the common operational elements that most urban farmers must consider as they start up or grow their operations. It also contains a special section on resources for developing indoor growing operations, such as aquaponic facilities. For each element, the...

USDA Urban Agriculture Toolkit

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