Crops

The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water.

Soils provide a wide variety of ecosystem services, including regulating carbon through sequestration and providing a structure to support crop plants. Erosion of soil, the primary source for soil particles to leave agricultural fields, may increase in certain areas of the U.S. due to climate change. Some areas of the country will experience less rainfall, causing soils to dry out. Combined with higher winds, this may lead to higher rates of wind erosion. Other areas may experience more intensive rainstorms, which can increase erosion rates by washing out stream banks, for example. Other factors affecting soil erosion that may increase or decrease due to climate change include changing irrigation needs, snowmelt patterns, soil erodibility, conservation practices, and topography.

Continue to the full text Croplands in a Changing Climate or browse related content:

The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water. Soils provide a wide variety of ecosystem services, including regulating carbon through...

Croplands in a Changing Climate

In 2016 alone, over $100 billion worth of crops were insured by the federal crop insurance corporation administered through USDA RMA. This program is essentially a safety net to mitigate natural perils (e.g., drought) and price decline effects on agricultural production. Data...

AgRisk Viewer: Managing agricultural risk in a changing climate

View of the Berkshire Garden

Smart Phone or Tablet? We suggest jumping over here for an improved virtual experience!   It is important to continue to find ways to mitigate or adapt to climate change. One of the most effective strategies is to teach younger generations about taking care of the planet. At the...

UMass Permaculture

Hay bales at sunset

A changing climate is expected to negatively impact agriculture by making water supplies less predictable and energy more expensive. Some aspects of a changing climate may present opportunities to increase productivity in West Virginia (WV) and the Appalachian region of the...

What West Virginia’s Changing Climate Means for Its Farmers

Rows of tomatoes planted in raised beds and black plastic mulch at Cecarelli Farms on July 13th, 2018.

This year is different for Cecarelli Farms. In late January, Nelson Cecarelli passed away after a battle with cancer. His legacy of agricultural stewardship and passion for farming continue through his business partner and friend, Will DellaCamera. Over the past 20 years, Nelson...

Continued Conversations with Cecarelli Farms

Aerial View of Woodman Horticultural Research Farm

Smart Phone or Tablet? We suggest jumping over here for an improved virtual experience!   Climate change poses both risks and opportunities for Northeast growers. A trend toward shorter, milder winters leads to longer growing seasons and potential for new crops and varieties for...

Woodman Horticultural Research Farm at UNH

A view at the University of Delaware's Warrington Irrigation Research Farm

Smart Phone or Tablet? We suggest jumping over here for an improved virtual experience!   Studies at the Warrington Irrigation Research Farm are aimed at using water to maximize crop yields and improve profits. Water is one of the most critical crop needs. By improving water...

Irrigation Research at UD

Irrigation lines at Intervale Community Farm

An Economic Case Study at Intervale Community Farm After severe drought in much of the Northeast in 2016, the following summer reminded us that the trend in the Northeast is for more rainfall. However, this rain is more often occurring in heavy downpours between periods of hot...

Irrigation Pays in Protecting Crop Revenues

Sustainable Agriculture and Research for Understanding, or SARE, has released the following resource: Cultivating Climate Resilience on Farms and Ranches. This document outlines the new challenges that changing weather patterns pose in agriculture throughout the United States,...

SARE Resource: Cultivating Climate Resilience on Farms and Ranches

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