Crops

The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water.

Soils provide a wide variety of ecosystem services, including regulating carbon through sequestration and providing a structure to support crop plants. Erosion of soil, the primary source for soil particles to leave agricultural fields, may increase in certain areas of the U.S. due to climate change. Some areas of the country will experience less rainfall, causing soils to dry out. Combined with higher winds, this may lead to higher rates of wind erosion. Other areas may experience more intensive rainstorms, which can increase erosion rates by washing out stream banks, for example. Other factors affecting soil erosion that may increase or decrease due to climate change include changing irrigation needs, snowmelt patterns, soil erodibility, conservation practices, and topography.

Continue to the full text Croplands in a Changing Climate or browse related content:

The tools presented below represent a portion of the tools available for the climate and agriculture in the Midwest. The tools range from specialized calculators to maps, models and datasets estimating a variety of outputs (e.g., crop production, greenhouse gas flux, and species...

Tools

Ongoing changes in climate have substantial impacts on the $76 billion agricultural sector in the Midwest. Assisting producers with adaptation practices that can improve their water availability and maintain soil productivity, will also reduce the variation in crop production...

Agricultural Adaptation in a Changing Climate

Changes in climate and extreme weather have already occurred and are increasing challenges for agriculture nationally and globally. Many of the impacts are expected to continue or intensify in the future. Because of the sensitivity of agriculture to weather and climate...

Agriculture in a Changing Climate

Alaska is the largest state in the United States. The majority of its people live in urban areas while some of them live in small, remote communities throughout the state. The majority of food consumed by Alaskans is shipped to Alaska, but many small communities especially...

Agriculture in Alaska

The Adaptation Workbook homepage

More information is becoming available on climate change projections and potential impacts on natural resources and agriculture. Unfortunately, most of this information doesn't seem applicable because many land owners and managers are unsure how climate change might...

Adaptation Workbook

Andy Radin in tunnel house

Smart Phone or Tablet? We suggest jumping over here for an improved virtual experience!   As the climate changes, growing seasons in the Northeastern United States are getting longer. The fall and spring shoulder seasons are also getting shorter and more unpredictable. To...

URI's Agronomy Farm

Local weather and climate determine the commodities produced and affect growth, disease, and soil health. Understanding current weather and climate is important for producing crops sustainabily. The Northwest Climate Hub works to support use of current and projected information...

Northwest Agriculture, Weather and Climate

Crimson clover cover crop

A changing climate introduces challenges for producers in the Northwest. The following resources can help farmers adjust their practices or even transform their operations to meet these challenges: AgBiz Logic and AgBiz Logic Climate AgBiz Logic uniquely collects, manages and...

Climate Adaptation Resources for Northwest Agriculture

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