Crops

The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water.

Soils provide a wide variety of ecosystem services, including regulating carbon through sequestration and providing a structure to support crop plants. Erosion of soil, the primary source for soil particles to leave agricultural fields, may increase in certain areas of the U.S. due to climate change. Some areas of the country will experience less rainfall, causing soils to dry out. Combined with higher winds, this may lead to higher rates of wind erosion. Other areas may experience more intensive rainstorms, which can increase erosion rates by washing out stream banks, for example. Other factors affecting soil erosion that may increase or decrease due to climate change include changing irrigation needs, snowmelt patterns, soil erodibility, conservation practices, and topography.

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Through its research, engagement of Corn Belt farmers, and publications, the project has provided farm management strategies, which farmers can put in place throughout the Corn Belt to make corn-based cropping systems more resilient to the current and predicted impacts of...

Sustainable Corn

Useful to Usable

The suite of decision-support tools was a product of this effort to help producers make better long-term decisions on what, when and where to plant, and how to manage crops for maximum yields and minimum environmental damage. The Midwestern Regional Climate Center (MRCC) was a...

Useful to Useable (U2U)

The research below - North Central Fruit, Vegetable and Wine Growers’ Assessment of Soil and Water Vulnerability Under Changing Climate Conditions and Extreme Weather Events - has been funded by USDA-Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Midwest Climate Hub and conducted by...

Climate and Weather: Specialty Crop Growers' Views and Priorities to Manage Uncertainty in Production Systems

Regional Assessments Understanding and Assessing Climate Change: Implications for Nebraska 2014 Understanding and Assessing Climate Change: Implications for Nebraska documents many of the key challenges that Nebraska will face as a result of climate change. Commentaries from...

Understanding and Assessing Climate Change: Implications for Nebraska 2014

Regional Assessments Colorado Climate Plan (2015) The Colorado Climate Plan is a statewide strategy of policy recommendations and actions to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and to increase Colorado’s level of preparedness. The Colorado Climate Plan focuses on seven main...

Colorado Climate Plan 2015 Regional Assessment

Northern Plains Climate Hub (NPCH) Vulnerability Assessment The Northern Plains has experienced increased weather variability and climatic changes throughout the 20th and early 21st centuries. The NPCH Vulnerability Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation and...

Northern Plains Climate Hub (NPCH) Vulnerability Assessment

Specialty crops – fruit, vegetables, and nuts – are the mainstay of California agriculture. California is by far the number one US producer of specialty crops both in quantity and in diversity, with a total of over 400 different crops recorded. Many of California’s specialty...

Specialty Crops in California

Cows on pasture at Shelburne Farms in Vermont

The climate in the Northeast U.S. has been changing. Winters have been getting warmer and heavy rainstorms are becoming much more common.  Many longtime farmers feel that the seasons have shifted, and the latest climate models indicate that these changes are likely to continue....

Agricultural Vulnerabilities in the Northeast

farm-field

Climate Impacts Higher temperatures can reduce agricultural yields, and changes in precipitation timing and amount can cause short-term crop failures and long-term production declines. Climate change brings increased crop stress from disease, insects, and weeds. Climate...

Focus on Croplands in the Southeast

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