Field Crops

Field crops include corn, cotton, rice, sorghum, soybeans, winter wheat, durum wheat, and spring wheat. The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water. Conservation tillage, crop residue management, and cover crops are examples of management practices that can help mitigate the negative impacts of climate change.

The Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman) is a highly destructive plant pest of foreign origin. It was first found in the United States in 1916 and has since spread to most states east of, and immediately to the west of, the Mississippi River. It has also spread to some…

Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson) is an annual plant in the pigweed family (Amaranthaceae). It is native to the southwest United States/northern Mexico deserts and is currently increasing its range across the country. Palmer amaranth: Is fast growing (2 to 3 inches…

The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys, originally from East Asia, is an invasive pest that is present throughout much of the United States. You may have noticed this nuisance pest in your home (see picture). It is attracted to the outside of houses on warm…

Drought Impact Reporter The National Drought Mitigation Center’s Drought Impact Reporter tracks the impact of in various ways, including scanning media for reports about drought impacts, and collecting and mapping observations of drought-related conditions and impacts from…

A changing climate is expected to negatively impact agriculture by making water supplies less predictable and energy more expensive. Some aspects of a changing climate may present opportunities to increase productivity in West Virginia (WV) and the Appalachian region of the…

Research at dairy farms in Vermont shows how management practices can affect water quality, economics, and greenhouse gas emissions. Agriculture is a common land use for the well-drained and productive soils of Vermont’s Winooski floodplain. Intense rain and flooding events are…

Climate change poses both risks and opportunities for Northeast growers. A trend toward shorter, milder winters leads to longer growing seasons and potential for new crops and varieties for local markets. However, these seasonal shifts may also benefit many insect pests and be…

Dialing in Irrigation on Northeast Diversified Vegetable Farms Researchers and farmers work towards efficient irrigation by comparing crop water needs to weekly applications on diversified Vermont vegetable farms. View research brief » Overview Water-use efficiency is an…