Field Crops

Field crops include corn, cotton, rice, sorghum, soybeans, winter wheat, durum wheat, and spring wheat. The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water. Conservation tillage, crop residue management, and cover crops are examples of management practices that can help mitigate the negative impacts of climate change.

Research at dairy farms in Vermont shows how management practices can affect water quality, economics, and greenhouse gas emissions. Agriculture is a common land use for the well-drained and productive soils of Vermont’s Winooski floodplain. Intense rain and flooding events are…

Climate change poses both risks and opportunities for Northeast growers. A trend toward shorter, milder winters leads to longer growing seasons and potential for new crops and varieties for local markets. However, these seasonal shifts may also benefit many insect pests and be…

Dialing in Irrigation on Northeast Diversified Vegetable Farms Researchers and farmers work towards efficient irrigation by comparing crop water needs to weekly applications on diversified Vermont vegetable farms. View research brief » Overview Water-use efficiency…

Studies at the Warrington Irrigation Research Farm are aimed at using water to maximize crop yields and improve profits. Water is one of the most critical crop needs. By improving water management, farmers can be sure that their crops receive adequate water throughout the…

An Economic Case Study at Intervale Community Farm After severe drought in much of the Northeast in 2016, the following summer reminded us that the trend in the Northeast is for more rainfall. However, this rain is more often occurring in heavy downpours between periods of hot…

Mid-Atlantic corn and soybean yields show great variability in response to precipitation during critical growth stages. Long-term agricultural research provides unique insights into the impact of climate and weather on agricultural sustainability. The USDA-ARS Farming Systems…

Changes in climate and extreme weather are already increasing challenges for agriculture. This technical bulletin was developed specifically to meet the unique needs of agricultural producers, and provide educators and service providers in the Midwest and Northeast regions of…

Within the United States, biofuels are generally divided into ethanol and biodiesel, and are as an additive or replacement for transportation fuels traditionally provided by petroleum, including gasoline and diesel. Ethanol and biodiesel can be produced corn, soybeans, or other…

Bioenergy is renewable energy derived from biological sources, to be used for heat, electricity, or vehicle fuel. Biofuel derived from plant materials is among the most rapidly growing renewable energy technologies. Conversion of biomass to liquid fuel is a method utilizing…