Field Crops

Field crops include corn, cotton, rice, sorghum, soybeans, winter wheat, durum wheat, and spring wheat. The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water. Conservation tillage, crop residue management, and cover crops are examples of management practices that can help mitigate the negative impacts of climate change.

Hay bales at sunset

A changing climate is expected to negatively impact agriculture by making water supplies less predictable and energy more expensive. Some aspects of a changing climate may present opportunities to increase productivity in West Virginia (WV) and the Appalachian region of the...

What West Virginia’s Changing Climate Means for Its Farmers

Rows of tomatoes planted in raised beds and black plastic mulch at Cecarelli Farms on July 13th, 2018.

This year is different for Cecarelli Farms. In late January, Nelson Cecarelli passed away after a battle with cancer. His legacy of agricultural stewardship and passion for farming continue through his business partner and friend, Will DellaCamera. Over the past 20 years, Nelson...

Continued Conversations with Cecarelli Farms

A view at the University of Delaware's Warrington Irrigation Research Farm

Smart Phone or Tablet? We suggest jumping over here for an improved virtual experience!   Studies at the Warrington Irrigation Research Farm are aimed at using water to maximize crop yields and improve profits. Water is one of the most critical crop needs. By improving water...

Irrigation Research at UD

An aerial overview of plots participating in USDA-ARS Farming Systems Project in Beltsville, Maryland

Mid-Atlantic corn and soybean yields show great variability in response to precipitation during critical growth stages. Long-term agricultural research provides unique insights into the impact of climate and weather on agricultural sustainability. The USDA-ARS Farming Systems...

USDA ARS Farming Systems Project

Cover image to Adaptation Resources for Agricultire

Changes in climate and extreme weather are already increasing challenges for agriculture. This technical bulletin was developed specifically to meet the unique needs of agricultural producers, and provide educators and service providers in the Midwest and Northeast regions of...

Adaptation Resources for Agriculture: Responding to Climate Variability and Change in the Midwest and Northeast

Within the United States, biofuels are generally divided into ethanol and biodiesel, and are as an additive or replacement for transportation fuels traditionally provided by petroleum, including gasoline and diesel. Ethanol and biodiesel can be produced corn, soybeans, or other...


Bioenergy is renewable energy derived from biological sources, to be used for heat, electricity, or vehicle fuel. Biofuel derived from plant materials is among the most rapidly growing renewable energy technologies. Conversion of biomass to liquid fuel is a method utilizing...

Bioenergy in a Changing Climate

Map of emissions by country for 2015

Allows users to explore, visualize and interpret national to global carbon data from both human activities and natural processes.

Global Carbon Atlas

The changing climate presents challenges and opportunities for U.S. agricultural production, forest resources, and rural economies. These threats have significant implications not just for farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners, but for all Americans. Land managers across the...

Growing Seasons in a Changing Climate

Subscribe to Field Crops