Vulnerability Assessment

Vulnerability assessments are used to ascertain the susceptibility of a natural or human system to sustaining damage (or benefiting) from climate change. Vulnerability is a function of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. Vulnerability assessments differ from impact assessments in that they more fully consider adaptive management or policy responses that may lessen negative impacts (or enhance positive impacts) of climate change. Where vulnerability assessments are used to guide management or conservation actions, they are often most informative when they are "place-based" and designed to address a particular resource or system of interest. However, in the climate change literature, there are multiple definitions of vulnerability and there is no single universal assessment framework. The assessments included below focus on various exposure units, are applied at different spatial scales, and are relevant to different locations.

A farmer overlooks his flooded fields

This report provides an overview of regional agriculture and forest sensitivities to climate change and suggests adaptation strategies that can help build resilience.  The Northeastern United States is a diverse region containing the seven most densely populated States in the...

Northeast Regional Vulnerability Assessment

This field guide is designed to put useful climate change and adaptation information into the hands of natural resource professionals as they walk through the woods. This field guide provides summary information about the effects of climate change on northern Minnesota’s forests...

Climate Change Field Guide for Northern Minnesota Forests: Site-level considerations and adaptation

The economic, social, and environmental costs of drought can be significant, and vulnerability to drought in arid and semi-arid regions will likely increase in the future with a warming climate. To promote stronger drought resilience on federal lands, the National Drought...

Responding to Ecological Drought in the Intermountain Region

market shelves filled with fruit

Agriculture and forestry practices in the U.S. Caribbean have had 500 years of North American, European, and African influence, as well as the legacy of indigenous cultures and farming practices. There is also a century of high caliber research in agriculture and forestry at...

Caribbean Hub Climate Vulnerability Assessment

Northwest USDA Northwest Climate Hub Regional Vulnerability Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies  2014 National Climate Assessment for the Northwest  Climate Change in the Northwest: Implications for our landscapes, waters and...

Northwest Vulnerability Assessments

USDA Forest Service Climate Change Resource Center

The CCRC addresses the land manager's question "What can I do about climate change?" The CCRC provides information about climate change impacts on forests and other ecosystems, and approaches to adaptation and mitigation in forests and grasslands. The website...

USDA Forest Service Climate Change Resource Center

To provide up-to-date information to assist tribes in addressing climate change through a broad range of sectors.

Pacific Northwest Tribal Climate Change Guide


Using projections of future climate, ForeCASTS produces maps that depict future suitable habitat ranges for North American tree species in the United States and globally. These pre-generated maps are available online and are intended to help scientists, land managers, and policy...

ForeCASTS: Forecasts of Climate Associated Shifts in Tree Species

This is a global network providing access to peer practitioners, tools, information and training focused on nature-based solutions to enhance coastal resilience.

Coastal Resilience

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