Disturbances

Disturbances and stressors are often thought as one in the same and while they can have similar effects to agriculture production to rangeland and forest resources there are important differences worth considering.  It is important to note these differences because it may change the management approach or practice being considered when dealing with a disturbance event like a flood or persistent stressor such as nitrogen deposition. 

Examples of ecological disturbances include fires, landslides, flooding, windstorms and insect and pest outbreaks.  Disturbances often come in the form of short-term or temporary changes to the landscape but can have very significant ecosystem impacts. These events often act quickly but with great impact and thereby are able to promote changes to the physical structure of the system. 

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The effects of climate change on crop production will vary by region, and will largely be a factor of impacts on resources important to agricultural production, such as soil and water. Soils provide a wide variety of ecosystem services, including regulating carbon through...

Croplands in a Changing Climate

To convey information contained in the Forest Ecosystem Vulnerability Assessment and Synthesis for New England and Northern New York forests.

Storymap of Climate Change and Adaptation: New England

A farmer overlooks his flooded fields

This report provides an overview of regional agriculture and forest sensitivities to climate change and suggests adaptation strategies that can help build resilience.  The Northeastern United States is a diverse region containing the seven most densely populated States in the...

Northeast Regional Vulnerability Assessment

This field guide is designed to put useful climate change and adaptation information into the hands of natural resource professionals as they walk through the woods. This field guide provides summary information about the effects of climate change on northern Minnesota’s forests...

Climate Change Field Guide for Northern Minnesota Forests: Site-level considerations and adaptation

From a Dec. 8, 2017, International Space Station flyover of Southern California, NASA astronaut Randy Bresnik photographed the plumes of smoke rising from wildfires

CALFIRE-statewide map of California fires.  By following the link on the CAL FIRE home page one can obtain up-to-date and useful  information related to specific incidents in the state – information includes approximate wildfire locations, road closures, general precautionary...

California Wildfires Information

Riparian forest buffers in Pennsylvania

Many people advise that while the best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago, the second best time to plant a tree is today. Winter weather makes it tough to follow this advice, but the off-season does provide a bit more time to plan ahead for the year to come. Extreme rain...

Planning for Planting

Risk of Seasonal Climate Extremes in the U.S. Related to ENSO

Selecting a type of ENSO event, temperature or precipitation and season will show the relative risk of climate extremes based on concurrent value of the ENSO index (MEI.ext) for the continental United States:

Risk of Seasonal Climate Extremes in the U.S. Related to ENSO

The economic, social, and environmental costs of drought can be significant, and vulnerability to drought in arid and semi-arid regions will likely increase in the future with a warming climate. To promote stronger drought resilience on federal lands, the National Drought...

Responding to Ecological Drought in the Intermountain Region

A newly constructed stream simulation culvert on the George Washington National Forest.

Extreme Precipitation and Trends There is clear evidence that precipitation in the Northeast is more intense than it was in the past. The increase in the Northeast has been greater than any other region in the U.S. (Figure 1). Between 1901 and 2014, total annual precipitation...

Storms and Stream-Crossings

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