The effects of climate change are felt throughout the entire agricultural value-chain, from individual farmers, ranchers and foresters to input suppliers, commodity transportation industry, as well as domestic and international markets for food and fiber. Economists have studied the effects of climate change on agriculture and forestry in the U.S. extensively. Economic effects vary widely by region and specific agricultural sectors, such as dairy, beef, row crops, small grains, and specialty crops. Despite the extensive research already done on the economic impacts of weather variability, extreme events, and climate change, it may still be challenging for farmers, ranchers, and foresters to find cost estimates for their specific sector and location. This highlights the importance of communicating and collaborating with your trusted local partners—such as University Extension, USDA Service Centers, and USDA Climate Hubs—who can help track down relevant economic studies. 

Continue to the full text of Economics and a Changing Climate or browse related content:

Irrigation lines at Intervale Community Farm

An Economic Case Study at Intervale Community Farm After severe drought in much of the Northeast in 2016, the following summer reminded us that the trend in the Northeast is for more rainfall. However, this rain is more often occurring in heavy downpours between periods of hot...

Irrigation Pays in Protecting Crop Revenues

3 cows on dry, brown range

The following content is from a publication from the Forest Service Office of Sustainability and Climate, the full content can be viewed/downloaded in PDF Drought Effects Droughts can result in reduced growth rates, defoliation, and increased stress on vegetation, with...

Drought and Rangelands: Effects and Management Responses

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Rainfall intensity is increasing in the Northeastern U.S., and stabilizing gullies is one strategy that can be used to protect against erosion. The Doyle-Burrs own a 272 acre family farm in Addison County, Vermont. The property had been a dairy farm for over 140 years, before ...

Economics of Gully Erosion and Stabilization

Oyster Castles scene from Living Shorelines virtual tour

Smart Phone or Tablet? We suggest jumping over here for an improved virtual experience!   Sea levels are rising, and storm intensity and rainfall are projected to increase as the climate continues to warm. In 2012, Hurricane Sandy showed the state of New Jersey the power of...

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Cover page to the USDA Urban Agriculture Toolkit

This toolkit lays out the common operational elements that most urban farmers must consider as they start up or grow their operations. It also contains a special section on resources for developing indoor growing operations, such as aquaponic facilities. For each element, the...

USDA Urban Agriculture Toolkit

Cover image to Adaptation Resources for Agricultire

Changes in climate and extreme weather are already increasing challenges for agriculture. This technical bulletin was developed specifically to meet the unique needs of agricultural producers, and provide educators and service providers in the Midwest and Northeast regions of...

Adaptation Resources for Agriculture: Responding to Climate Variability and Change in the Midwest and Northeast

Photo by Rachel Schattman

This webinar series builds on capacity within USDA to deliver science-based knowledge and practical information to farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners. Browse below for a list of archived events, and learn about upcoming, new webinars by joining our quarterly e-newsletter....

Northeast Climate Hub Webinar Series

Cross-Border Workshop Presentation Slide

Adaptation to Climate Change: Information and Tools for Decision-Making On October 17th and 18th, 2017 in Syracuse New York, members of the USDA Climate Hubs, Environment and Climate Change Canada, and Agriculture, Agri-Food Canada, Cornell University and Ouranos convened and...

Cross-Border Workshop

autumn road view

“Low-volume” roads are roads with traffic volumes generally less than 400 vehicles per day. Across New England these roads provide a critical transportation link for rural communities and commerce. They also provide access to forests for logging and other forest management...

The Future of Winter Roads

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