Research & Data

group of people looking at fieldClimate change is expected to make agricultural production more uncertain leaving producers and land managers to adapt to new and changing weather patterns and markets. Regionally significant research and data improve knowledge of the effects of climate change and provide sustainable solutions for producers and land managers.

Regional data and research are used to create decision-support resources (i.e. informational products and tools created to help producers adapt to the effects of a changing climate). These decision-making resources are built on research and data such as climate modeling and analysis, climate trends and variations, greenhouse gas monitoring, climate data scenarios, and historical climate data and research.

These decision-support resources assist producers, enabling them to establish economic opportunities, proactively manage risks, reduce impacts and costs over time, and sustain agricultural yields in a changing climate.

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One third of all of our food comes from pollinated crops.  Because increasing temperatures impact both plants and the pollinators they rely on, climate change poses a dual threat to crop production. Shifts in dates when plants flower or pollinators are present could…

Warmer temperatures and longer growing seasons offer Pennsylvania dairy farmers the ability to plant more than one crop in a season. But increasing frequency of extreme rainfall presents new challenges. Double cropping with winter annuals can increase forage production and…

Some content excerpted from "Carbon and Land Management" on the USFS Climate Change Resource Center and the USFS report Considering Forest and Grassland Carbon in Land Management (WO-GTR-95).   Forests play a critical role in mitigating climate change by capturing carbon…

Growing Season Length Warmer temperatures have resulted in a longer freeze-free season and longer growing season across the region (Frumhoff et al. 2007, Kunkel et al. 2013). The freeze-free season, which is the period between the last occurrence of 32 °F in the spring and the…

The USDA Northern Plains Climate Hub (NPCH) contributed, as coauthors, to three articles in as special issue of the journal of Climatic Change on the "Vulnerability Assessment of US Agriculture and Forests developed by the USDA Climate Hubs" (January 2018, Volume 146, Issue…

As the climate changes, regions that were once too cold for some tree species to grow are now becoming suitable habitat. At the same time, other regions are becoming too warm for certain cold-hardy species to thrive. Many orchards and farms in the Northeast are coping with…

Specialty crops are an important component of the Midwest region’s rural economy with an estimated value of $1.8 billion (estimate from 2012). They are generally more sensitive to climatic stressors and require more comprehensive management compared to traditional row crops.…

The following Symposium will take place at the National Adaptation Forum on Tuesday, April 23rd from 1100-1230.   Improving Decision-Making Through Regional Collaboration Success in obtaining resilient and sustainable agroecosystems within the Midwest Region can only be…

The Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman) is a highly destructive plant pest of foreign origin. It was first found in the United States in 1916 and has since spread to most states east of, and immediately to the west of, the Mississippi River. It has also spread to some…