The Nature Conservancy: Caroline Lake Preserve

Caroline Lake, Wisconsin
Project Status
Caroline Lake Preserve, northern Wisconsin
Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science, The Nature Conservancy

Project partners identified a number of potential adaptation actions with the overarching intent to maintain the resilience of the forest to changing conditions. In the northern hardwood forest, actions to maintain and enhance tree species diversity were prescribed to reduce the risk from climate change-related declines in the dominant species. This included the use of group selection and shelterwood harvests to enhance natural regeneration of mid-tolerant species. Several of these species, including northern red oak and black cherry, are currently present on the property in relatively low amounts and are projected to fare better under climate change relative to other species that are currently present. Eastern white pine was also identified as a desirable species. Although it is projected to decrease under some climate scenarios, the species is at a lower risk of decline than other native conifers. Read more about this project on the Climate Change Response Framework website.

For more than 200 examples of climate change adaptation in forests of the Midwest and northeast, see